GJ 686 - M dwarf at 8.2 pc with a short-period 7 Earth-mass planet

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GJ 686 - M dwarf at 8.2 pc with a short-period 7 Earth-mass planet Empty GJ 686 - M dwarf at 8.2 pc with a short-period 7 Earth-mass planet

Post by Sirius_Alpha on 16th January 2019, 10:02 pm

HADES RV programme with HARPS-N at TNG. X. A super-Earth around the M dwarf Gl686

The HArps-n red Dwarf Exoplanet Survey is providing a major contribution to the widening of the current statistics of low-mass planets, through the in-depth analysis of precise radial velocity measurements in a narrow range of spectral sub-types. As part of that programme, we obtained radial velocity measurements of Gl 686, an M1 dwarf at d = 8.2 pc. The analysis of data obtained within an intensive observing campaign demonstrates that the excess dispersion is due to a coherent signal, with a period of 15.53 d. Almost simultaneous photometric observations were carried out within the APACHE and EXORAP programmes to characterize the stellar activity and to distinguish periodic variations related to activity from signals due to the presence of planetary companions, complemented also with ASAS photometric data. We took advantage of the available radial velocity measurements for this target from other observing campaigns. The analysis of the radial velocity composite time series from the HIRES, HARPS and HARPS-N spectrographs, consisting of 198 measurements taken over 20 years, enabled us to address the nature of periodic signals and also to characterize stellar physical parameters (mass, temperature, and rotation). We report the discovery of a super-Earth orbiting at a distance of 0.092 AU from the host star Gl 686. Gl 686 b has a minimum mass of 7.1 +/- 0.9 MEarth and an orbital period of 15.532 +/- 0.002 d. The analysis of the activity indexes, correlated noise through a Gaussian process framework and photometry, provides an estimate of the stellar rotation period at 37 d, and highlights the variability of the spot configuration during the long timespan covering 20 yrs. The observed periodicities around 2000 d likely point to the existence of an activity cycle.

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